Tunis Tunisia History
Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is a country in the Maghreb of North Africa, which includes Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia and parts of Morocco and Algeria. It borders the Mediterranean Sea, Algeria and Morocco to the west, Egypt to the east and Libya and Egypt to the south. The Arab Maghreb countries are: Algeria (Algeria), Morocco (Morocco), Egypt (Egypt), Libya (Libya) and Tunisia (Tunisia). It is now believed that the so-called Arab Spring has spawned a new wave of political, economic, and social change across the Middle East.
This map also shows the borders of the Maghreb countries: Algeria, Morocco, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, Syria and Egypt.
Tunis is home to the University of Tunis, founded in 1960, and the Tunisian Academy of Sciences. The city is divided into two parts, with the city located between the Mediterranean Sea, the Gulf of Tunis and the Bay of Tunis.
Tunisia's cultures are mixed, with a long-established history of colonialism, Islam, Christianity and Islamism, each of which has left its mark on the country. This melting pot of history distinguishes Tunisia from other countries in the Middle East and North Africa, such as Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Egypt.
Tunisia's identity has proved to be shaped by its history, not only by the history of colonialism and colonialism, but also by its cultural diversity. Masri wants to know: Tunisia is longer than it was, and that has created a national culture. He says that the Muslims who were expelled after the reconquest of Spain and the Jews who came to Tunisia to develop trade and commerce are just two examples of how Tunisia has become more cosmopolitan. In his new book, "The Middle East and North Africa: From the Beginning of Carthage to the Arab Spring," which ended with the fall of President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, he paints a picture of Tunisia as a melting pot of cultures, religions, ethnicities, and religions.
Tunisia's history has been dominated by a multitude of civilizations that have dominated the country over the centuries, from the Middle East and North Africa to Europe and Asia.
The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was also based in Tunis from 1970 to 2003. The Arab League, which represents 22 Arab nations, was based in Tunisia from 1979 to 1990, but moved to Cairo in 1979. In 1979, in response to Egypt's peace with Israel, they moved their headquarters to Tunis. They were headquartered in Egypt in 1990, but Tunis was undercut at various times by the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank.
There are 30 airports in Tunisia, the most important of which are Tunis International Airport (TIA), Tunis Airport (TIA) and Toulouse Airport. The country maintains a major motorway, which is one of the busiest in the Middle East and North Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Tunisia, the capital of Tunisia and the largest city in the Middle East and North Africa, is one of several historic Medina of the country. The medina, which means "city" in Arabic, was founded by the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), the founder of Islam, and his son Mohammed II.
The Phoenicians established a colony here in 814 BC, and the Romans later conquered all of North Africa, but developed none of it except the area around Tunis. Carthage, today the prosperous northern suburb of Tunis, and the city of Toulouse, the capital of Tunisia.
The Byzantines survived only half a century before succumbing to the Arab-Muslim invasion of Sbeitla in 647. The warlike Arab Bedouin tribes, encouraged by the Fatimids of Egypt to conquer North Africa, allowed the urban and economic life of the region to shrink further.
The West insisted early on that Tunisia was a success story, and that it stood out from other uprisings in the Arab world. The Tunisian revolution has shown that, compared with Egypt, Algeria, and other countries in the region, it has overcome its enduring orientalist assumptions. At the same time, a similar revolution began in Egypt in 2011, with the overthrow of President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and his successor, Abdelaziz Bouteflika, inspired by events in Tunisia.
His recent book, the best - read Arab Anomaly - describes the many differences that distinguish Tunisia from other Arab countries. Masri's focus on removing Tunisia from the "Arab-Muslim world" has led him to underestimate the extent to which it has always been affected by the political, economic, social, and cultural differences between Tunisia and other countries in the region. Tunis has extreme standards, but they are moderate compared to those of Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, or even the United Arab Emirates.
The Carthaginian period, the rural hinterland of Carthage and later Tunis, roughly corresponds to the present-day borders of Tunisia. The French protectorate, which became a French protectorate in 1881 and was known as the regent of Tunis under the Ottomans. Carthage, Tunisia was bordered by the Mediterranean, occupied by Egypt, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as by Morocco.